Urbanisation puts us under pressure from a wide range of challenges from infrastructure, health and political issues to social stratification and inequality.
Research for transformation
Human society is facing unprecedented societal and environmental challenges and, in the words of Executive Director of the UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network, Guido Schmidt-Traub, if we are to achieve sustainable development in society “there are certain systems we have to get right”! By systems he was referring to the food system, the water system, the urban system, the Earth System, etc. In order to manage these systems effectively, we need research and new knowledge.
Science is good at describing systems, but science is not good at providing answers to how to manage these systems. And that's what science needs to get better at.
Sustainability science is systems based and therefore requires the input of many different academic disciplines. Dealing with sustainability issues through a single academic lens implies the risk of overlooking potentially crucial unintended outcomes. Sustainability science researchers are, therefore, building entirely new collaborations that transgress traditional academic borders as well as to industries and policy makers. These new opportunities are highly sought after by many students and early career researchers who are looking for ways to engage directly with society through their research.
Research aiming to inform sustainable development must, then, be systems-based. The themes outlined below are systems that require urgent attention from academia, and represents areas where the University of Copenhagen is well situated to make important research and educational contributions.
Industries and policy makers are looking to the universities not just for an understanding of current and future challenges, but also for possible solutions.
Technological solutions are crucial for transforming to low-emission societies, and utilising renewable energy sources is context specific.
Feeding the growing world population is a complex challenge with implications for all parts of human societies and natural ecosystems.
Sustainable governance is influenced by cultures, and norms and must consider synergies and trade offs with other societal issues.
Human activity alters this system, in turn altering human societies and behaviour. Understanding and describing the Earth is essential to sustain modern civilisations.